Efek Metode Peta Konsep dalam Pembelajaran Inkuiri Terbimbing terhadap Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa

I Putu Artayasa, Muhlis Muhlis, Gito Hadiprayitno, I Wayan Merta

Abstract


Science process skills include cognitive and psychomotor skills that can contribute to helping students learn facts, concepts, principles, or theories, so that students can effectively study science. This research was conducted to examine whether there is an effect of implementing the concept map method in guided inquiry learning on students' science process skills. The study was conducted with an Intact Group Comparison design. The research subjects were junior high school students in Mataram City. The research took place in the even semester of the 2020/2021 academic year. Purposive sampling technique was applied to obtain a sample of 91 individual students from two junior high schools. The results showed that, students who implemented concept map preparation during guided inquiry learning had a higher science process skill score than students who applied guided inquiry learning, but did not make concept maps and conventional class students. The conclusions of this study indicate that the preparation of concept maps in guided inquiry learning has a significant effect on students' science process skills. Based on these conclusions, it is recommended that educators try to apply guided inquiry learning, accompanied by assignments to make concept maps.

Keywords


Guided Inquiry, Concept Maps, Science Learning, Science Process Skills.

Full Text:

Full Paper

References


Anggraini, S. (2012). Profil Kemampuan Melakukan Inkuiri melalui Kegiatan Miniriset Calon Guru Biologi dalam Perkuliahan Fisiologi Tumbuhan. In Proceeding Seminar Nasional Cakrawala Pembelajaran Berkualitas di Indonesia (pp. 742-755). Jakarta, Indonesia: Direktorat Pendidik dan Tenaga Kependidikan, Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Tinggi, Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Aprinawati, I. (2018). Penggunaan Model Peta Pikiran (Maind Mapping) untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Membaca Wacana Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 2(1), 140-147.

Artayasa, I.P., Susilo, H., Lestari, U., dan Indriwati, S.E. (2017a). Profil Keterampilan Proses Sains dan Hubungannya dengan Hasil Belajar Sains Mahasiswa Pendidikan Guru Sekolah Dasar. Prosiding TEP & PDs Transformasi Pendidikan Abad 21, 6(19), 706-714.

______. (2017b). The Effectiveness of The Three Levels of Inquiry in Improving Teacher Training Students’ Science Process Skills. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 16(6), 908-918.

Bunterm, T., Lee, K., Kong, J.N.L., Srikoon, S., Vangpoomyai, P., Rattanavongsa, J., and Rachahoon, G. (2014). Do Different Levels of Inquiry Lead to Different Learning Outcomes? A Comparison between Guided and Structured Inquiry. International Journal of Science Education, 36(12), 1937-1959.

Chabalengula, M., Mumba, F., and Mbewe, S. (2012). How Pre-service Teachers’ Understand and Perform Science Process Skills. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education, 8(3), 167-176.

Fatmawati, I.N., dan Utari, S. (2015). Penerapan Levels of Inquiry untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa SMP Tema Limbah dan Upaya Penanggulangannya. Edusains, 7(2), 151-159.

Feyzioglu, B., Demirdag, B., Akyilidz, M., and Altun, E. (2012). Developing a Science Process Skills Test for Secondary Student: Validity and Reliability Study. Education Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12(3), 1899-1906.

Hadinugraha, S. (2015). Menggambar Peta Pikiran dalam Pembelajaran IPA untuk Meningkatkan Literasi Sains Siswa. In Prosiding Simposium dan Pembelajaran Sains (pp. 553-556). Bandung, Indonesia: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

Hardianti, T., and Kuswanto, H. (2017). Difference Among Levels of Inquiry: Process Skills Improvement at Senior High School in Indonesia. International Journal of Instruction, 10(2), 119-130.

Irwanto, Rohaeti, E., and Prodjosantoso, A.K. (2018). Undergraduate Students’ Science Process Skills in Terms of Some Variables: A Perspective from Indonesia. Journal of Baltic Science Education, 17(5), 751-764.

Kanli, U., and Yagbasan, R. (2014). The Effects of A Laboratory Approaches on the Development of University Students’ Science Process Skills and Conceptual Achievement, Essays in Education, Special Edition. Retrieved October 19, 2018, from Interactwebsite: www.usca.edu/.../UKanlìandRYagbas.

Llewellyn, D. (2013). Teaching High School Science Through Inquiry and Argumentation (Second Edition). California: Corwin, A Sage Company.

Nur, M., Nasution, dan Suryanti, J. (2013). Keterampiran Proses Sains dan Berpikir Kritis. Surabaya: Universitas Negeri Surabaya.

Ongowo, R.O., and Indoshi, F.C. (2013). Science Process Skills in The Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education Biology Practical Examinations. Creative Education, 4(11), 713-717.

Prayitno, D. (2012). Belajar Cepat Olah Data Statistik dengan SPSS. Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.

Sahyar, and Hastini, F. (2017). The Effect of Scientific Inquiry Learning Model Based on Conceptual Change on Physics Cognitive Competence and Science Process Skill (SPS) of Students at Senior High School. Journal of Education and Practice, 8(5), 120-126.

Setyosari, P. (2013). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan dan Pengembangan. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Siahaan, P., Suryani, A., Kaniawati, I., Suhendi, E., and Samsudin, A. (2017). Improving Students’ Science Process Skills Through Simple Computer Simulations on Linear Motion Conceptions. Journal of Physics: Conf. Series, 812, 1-5.

Sriyati, S., Ivana, A., dan Pryandoko, D. (2021). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Biologi Berbasis Potensi Lokal Dadiah untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Proses Sains Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 9(2), 168-180.

Tapantoko, A.A. (2011). Penggunaan Metode Maind Map (Peta Pikiran) untuk Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Siswa dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 4 Depok. Skripsi. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Widyaningsih, D.A., Gunarhadi, and Muzzazinah. (2019). Analysis of Science Process Skills on Science Learning in Primary School. In Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Learning Innovation and Quality Education (ICLIQE 2019) (pp. 679-687). Dordrecht, The Netherlands.

Zeidan, A.H., and Jayosi, M.R. (2015). Science Process Skills and Attitudes Toward Science among Palestinian Secondary School Students. World Journal of Education, 5(1), 13-24.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.33394/bjib.v9i1.3711

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
Bioscientist : Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.